Orange Crop Cultivation 1

Orange Crop Cultivation 1
Orange Crop Cultivation 1

Climate and soil

Orange Crop Climate and soil

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Mandarins have adapted to wide climatic conditions across India and are grown commercially in cool and high rainfall areas of the north-eastern region as well as the tropical humid climate of central India.

Mandarins tolerate extremely high temperatures of 44-45 Degree Celsius during April–May and low temperatures of 6-10 Degree Celsius in December- January in central India.

Although Kinnow is successful in the Vidarbha region, fruit color development takes a long time due to the relatively warmer climate during October-November. Similarly, in Nagpur mandarin,

color development of the Orange crop (Spring blossom) is not satisfactory and fruit remains light green to yellowish-green in November-December although internal maturity is attained.

In Mrig crop (Monsoon blossom), color development of fruit peel in February-March is satisfactory due to low temperatures in December-January.


Orange Crop

In Vidarbha and adjoining parts of Madhya Pradesh, Nagpur mandarin is grown on black cotton soils with varying clay content (30-60%). These soils are shallow to very deep with an under-laying porous subsoil of murum. Soils with more than 10% of lime are deleterious for mandarin.

Calcium carbonate concretion up to 5% is tolerated. The high amount of calcium carbonate induces a deficiency of phosphorus, Zinc, Manganese, Iron, and Copper. Soils should be free from hardpan and electrical conductivity (EC) should not be more than 0.5 mhos/cm.

The pH range of 6 to 8 is ideal and soils with pH lower or higher than this range require amendments. The water table shall be below 2 -3m.

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