Pomegranate Fruit Cultivation Has The Answer To Everything.2021



अनार फल की खेती

Pomegranate Fruit

pomegranate fruit cultivation   अनार फल की खेती



Weather


A cold and dry climate is ideal for pomegranate crops.  Hard summer wool and dry air as well as cold winter pomegranate are suitable for growth.  Good quality fruits are produced in such climates but pomegranate yields are good even in such climates.  From the time of flowering to the time of fruiting, when there is plenty of warm and dry weather, good quality sweet fruits are produced.  In low rainfall areas where there is little irrigation, there is ample scope for pomegranate cultivation.

Land


Pomegranate can be grown in any soil.  Heavy, medium black and fertile soils from very poor, inferior soils are good for pomegranate cultivation, but yield is better if selected well drained alluvial or loamy soils.  Similarly, light, murmad malran or hilly slopes are also used for this crop.  However, water must be drained in the soil.  Pomegranate can also be grown in calcareous and slightly alkaline soils.

 

 

Pomegranate varieties


Ganesh - Most of the areas currently under cultivation are under this variety and this variety is available at Ganesh khind, Fruit Research Center, Pune.  It has been discovered by the efforts of GS Cheema.  The characteristic of this variety is that the seeds are soft and the color of the seeds is light pink. The sugar content of the fruit is also good.  And this variety gives good yield.

Muscat - The fruit size of this variety is large.  The skin of the fruit is pale green to red and the seeds are white to pale pink.  Planting of orchards by the farmers diversifies the growth of the trees and the properties of the fruits.  Twenty-four varieties are good and produce is plentiful.

Mridula, G. 137, Phule Arakrta, Saffron




Pomegranate Fruit Cultivation

Pomegranate Fruit Cultivation

 

 

Read also:- Banana-farming

planting


The land selected for pomegranate cultivation should be plowed 2 to 3 times in summer with vertical and horizontal plowing.  Planting should be done at a distance of 5 × 5 m in heavy soil.  For this, pits of size 60 × 60 × 60 cm should be taken.  Apply 15 to 20 cm thick layer of dried mulch on the bottom of each stone and fill the soil with 20 to 25 kg of manure or compost manure, 1 kg of single superphosphate.  Generally planted in monsoon.  Pomegranate cuttings should be planted in each pot as follows.  Neigh boring sticks should be used to support the column.  After transplanting, water the same island.  Irrigate as required in the initial period after planting.  Plant 400 saplings per hectare at a spacing of 5 × 5 m.

 

 

Fertilizers


Each pomegranate plant should be given the following chemical fertilizers

Year   Nitro   Sfurad   Palash

1         150 g    150g      150 g

2         250 g     250 g     250 g

3         500 g     350 g     350 g

4         500 g     350 g     350 g

In addition, after 5 years, depending on the growth of the plant, 10 to 50 kg of manure and 600 g of nitrogen, 250 g of phosphorus and 250 g of potash should be given to each plant every year.

 

 

Water


It is important to provide regular and adequate watering of the pomegranate crop from the time of flowering to the time of fruiting.  Irregularities in watering can lead to flowering.  When the fruits are growing, the leaves get stressed and after giving a lot of water, the fruits get cracked and on occasion such unripe fruits fall off.  If there is no rain in the rainy season, water it as required and water it at intervals of 8 to 10 days till the fruits come out.  Water the orchards after harvesting.

 

 

To bear out


The pomegranate tree has three springs.  Ambia Bahar.  It is beneficial to take one of the spring fruits, Mrig Bahar, Hastbahar.  It is better to keep mangoes outside as the air stays warm and dry during fruit growth and ripening.  It makes the fruit sweet.  The incidence of pests and diseases on fruits is reduced.  If there is a shortage of water, deer should be kept outside.

The time of emergence and fruiting of pomegranate is as under.

 

S.No.  The time of coming out, the time of fruiting

1 Ambia Spring January February June August

2 Deer Spring June - July November - January

3rd Spring September October February February - April

The garden should be plowed or dug one month before watering.  After that, dig up the roots of the trees and prune them by removing the roots.

 

 

 

Fruit pruning


 It takes about 6 months from the time of flowering for the pomegranate fruit to form.  Ambia bahar spring fruits are produced from June to August, Mrig spring fruits from November to January and Hasta bahar fruits from February to April.  When the skin of the fruit turns yellowish gray, it means that the fruit is ready and the fruit should be cut.

Pomegranate crop is infested with fruit borer (Surasa) bark borer, red spider, goddess or scaly kid and fruit rot disease is more / less prevalent.  Currently, it is a matter of concern for pomegranate growers.  The disease is more prevalent in Sangola, Pandharpur, Baramati, Jat, Satana, Malegaon and Deola talukas of the state.  The matter has been investigated by the scientists from the level of Agriculture University and the information about it is as follows.

 

 

Symptoms of pomegranate disease


Harmful fusarium and rhizoctonia fungi growing on crop roots are the two main causes of this disease.  Pomegranate orchards planted in medium to heavy soils are infested with nematodes due to excessive watering or constant moistening of the root system by drip irrigation.  The nematode is a microscopic organism, with males and chicks as long as snakes and females as round.  These nematodes inflict numerous wounds on the roots of the fruit.  And get food from the root.  The cells in these lesions become larger and appear as lumps.  The roots of the trees turn brown.  This adversely affects the absorption capacity of the plant and stunts its growth.  The root rot fungus, such as Fusorium, originates from the wound caused by the nematode.  This fungus slowly decomposes the bark and roots.  This prevents adequate food supply to the plants.

At first the pomegranate tree looks dull.  The leaves of the trees turn yellow, the fruits fall off, some of the branches dry out completely.

 

 

Causes of death


Cultivation of pomegranate in heavy soils without draining of water.

Cultivation in calcareous soils.

Keeping the distance between two plants is less than 5 × 5 meters.

Watering more than recommended.

Outbreaks of Fusarium fungus.

Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during nematodes and nematodes.

Lack of intercropping

Cultivation of diseased cuttings

Land reclamation means planting in shallow areas etc.

In order to prevent this disease, it is very important to take the following preventive measures.

A) Preventive measures

For pomegranate cultivation, well drained soil should be selected.

 Pomegranate should not be grown in heavy and loamy soils.

Planting should be done at a distance of 5 × 5 m as recommended.

Water should be managed as recommended.

Disease and nematode free cuttings should be selected for planting.

Before planting, the seedlings should be dipped in one per cent Bordeaux mixture with bag soil before planting.

Neem powder, manure, copper oxychloride and Trichoderma should be used as recommended at the time of planting.

Timely control of Fusarium, nematodes, weevils and stem borers

Dead trees should be removed immediately.

B) Preventive measures

Preventive measures to be taken in case of outbreak of the disease

 

Apply two per cent Bordeaux mixture or one per cent copper oxychloride solution at the rate of five liters per plant.  After two to three months apply 2.5 kg Trichoderma 100 kg manure mixed in the soil near the stem and apply per hectare.

Increase the amount of Trichoderma five times in the two rows around the diseased plant.  Also give Bordeaux mixture or one per cent copper oxychloride solution at the rate of 10 liters per plant.

Apply 2 kg of manure per plant per month in the soil near the trunk.

Apply neem powder at the rate of 2 tons per hectare and then 40 kg and 10% granular ferrate in the soil at the time of infestation.

 

To control beetles that make small holes in the stem, mix 400 gm of ocher A 2.5 ml linden or 5 ml of Chloropyrifos A 2.5 gm of Blytox in one liter of water and apply this solution on the stem.  Similarly, take 2.5 g of linden (2.5 ml) or / chloropylyrophos (5 ml) blytox on the roots and allow 5 liters of solution per plant to reach the roots adjacent to the stem.

For control of stem borer, inject Fenvalerate 5 ml per liter of water or Dichlorophos 10 ml per liter of water injected into the hole and close the hole with mud.

In case of drip irrigation, it is recommended to apply 15 to 25 liters of water per plant per month from July to February and 25 to 50 liters per plant per day depending on the temperature from March to June.

 

 

read also:-Orange cultivation,

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